Science Policies and Twentieth-Century Dictatorships: Spain, Italy and Argentina

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  1. Isis 107 (2016), 3
  2. Biography of Juan Perón, Argentina's Populist President
  3. Archivos: Eventos
  4. Science Policies and Twentieth-Century Dictatorships

Evita passed away in The economy stagnated and the working class began to lose faith in him.

His opposition, mostly conservatives who disapproved of his economic and social policies, became bolder. After attempting to legalize prostitution and divorce, he was excommunicated.

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When he held a rally to protest the movement against him, opponents in the military launched a coup that included the Argentine Air Force and Navy bombing the Plaza de Mayo, the central square in Buenos Aires, killing almost On Sept. Many politicians came to see him, and he welcomed them all. It turned to tragedy, however, when right-wing Peronists opened fire on left-wing Peronists known as Montoneros, killing at least Ever the slick politician, he managed to keep a lid on the violence for a time, but he died of a heart attack on July 1, , after only a year back in power.

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In terms of impact, he ranks with leaders such as Fidel Castro and Hugo Chavez. His brand of politics even has its own name: Peronism.

Isis 107 (2016), 3

Peronism survives today in Argentina as a legitimate political philosophy, incorporating nationalism, international political independence, and a strong government. Cristina Kirchner, who served as president from to , was a member of the Justicialist Party, an offshoot of Peronism. On the plus side, some of his accomplishments were impressive: He increased basic rights for workers, vastly improved the infrastructure particularly in terms of electrical power , and modernized the economy.

He was a skillful politician on good terms with both the East and the West during the Cold War.

Biography of Juan Perón, Argentina's Populist President

Every now and then, however, he would make a magnanimous public gesture, such as allowing a boatload of Holocaust survivors to enter Argentina. By focussing on these three countries, the contributors are able to present case studies that highlight the characteristics and specificities of the democratic and dictatorial political processes involved in the production of science and technology. The focus on dictatorship presents the opportunity to expand our knowledge -beyond the more extensive literature about science in Nazi Germany and Stalinist USSR -about the level of political involvement of scientists in non-democratic contexts and to what extent they act as politicians in different contexts.

Key topics covered include the new forms of organization and institutionalization of science in the twentieth century; the involvement of scientific communities in the governance of science and its institutions; the role of ideology in scientific development; the scientific practices adopted by scientific communities in different contexts; and the characteristics of science and technology produced in these contexts.

Other books in this series. Entrepreneurial Ventures in Chemistry Dr. Add to basket.

Archivos: Eventos

Canales; Broken science, scientists under suspicion. Review Text Making a fresh contribution to the political history of science, this book explores the connections show more. About Dr. Born in Barcelona in , Lloret studied Physics at the University of Barcelona and got a doctorate from the universities of Barcelona and Paris-Sorbonne.

Science Policies and Twentieth-Century Dictatorships

He has also acted as an independent expert in the field of nuclear safety for the Executive Council of the Generalitat de Catalunya and has promoted the development of photovoltaic energy. In addition to numerous scientific articles, Lloret has published science books and novels, including Dictionnaire de la Atome with P. Some of these documents have been used in various publications: X. Herran and X. Balmer, A. F Canales and A.